After divorcing Ross Wesley LeBaron in 1948, Thelma Elena Cox LeBaron made some headlines looking for a new husband. “Mrs. LeBaron would like to get a new husband to help support the home and her children so she can find some time to paint”, stated a front page report in the Salt Lake Telegram, in April, 1949. Her main concern was the scarcity of money and food. “Attractive Divorcee Seeks S[alt] L[ake] Husband” was the title.
According to a news article from the United Press, published a few days later in an Austin newspaper, plural marriage, money and conflict of personalities were pointed by Thelma Cox and her ex-husband as causes for the separation.
Before their separation, the LeBarons had had a baby boy the previous December.
Elena LeBaron, as she is referred to by the article, is again praised by her looks — “pretty” is the very first word of the article, and four paragraphs later she is described as a “shapely brunette”. The photograph of the divorced mother and her eight children occupies a larger part of the page than the text itself.
This time, the name of Ross LeBaron is mentioned. He is portraited as a “prophet for polygamy” and “self-styled ‘prophet” convicted during the 1944 trails of polygamist Mormons and a former inmate during the year of 1941, convicted of marrying a 14-year-old as his plural wife.
Ross Wesley LeBaron died in December 1996 without seeing the Second Coming of Adam he clearly expected to happen during his lifetime. Nevertheless, LeBaron believed that his patriarchal work would not only continue but fully develop during the Millennium. The earthly Church of the Firstborn LeBaron had incorporated in 1955 would only meet its heavenly counterpart and function in full power until the ultimate end-time events took place:
The True Church of the First-Born will come about through the organizing of the worthy patriarchal Families in connection with the House of Israel. This will not take place until the return of the Ancient of Days, and the Ten lost Tribes of Israel.
Some of his present-day followers or those who had an association with LeBaron have declared that they were, in some circumstances, able to communicate with, or be influenced by his spirit.
During a fire that destroyed her house and killed her child in the Utah desert, June Johnson said she saw Ross LeBaron carrying her child away from this mortal realm.
In a time of stress and spiritual quest in the early decade of 2000, Aleen Bennet (Hafen), who had been recently excommunicated from the LDS Church for becoming a plural wife, had a revelatory dream in which LeBaron ministered to her, answering some of her doubts about the LeBaron`s priesthood. She had never met LeBaron in this mortality.
Tom Green reported a detailed, and somewhat humorous, account in which the spirit of his adopted father was present in a more mundane occasion, but having the spiritual significance as to his communication with LeBaron:
For Ross Wesley LeBaron, the history of Mormonism could be divided into three periods of 60 years each. He believed to be living during the last period, presided by “the LeBaron keys’, holding the same priesthood that existed during the days of Adam. In this excerpt of his radio show on KSXX, from the late 1980’s, Ross LeBaron also explains his understanding of the three orders of the priesthood and the restoration of the Adamic priesthood in the Nauvoo temple.
Certificate of Incorporation issued by the State of Utah for The Church of the First-Born on 01 December, 1955. This copy of the Certificate is found at the James Wardle Papers at the University of Utah Special Collections.
State of Utah
Secretary of State
To _____THE CHURCH OF THE FIRST-BORN______
I, Lamont F. Toronto, Secretary of State of the State of Utah, do hereby certify that on the __FIRST___ Day of __DECEMBER ___ 1955 was filled in my office the articles of Association of the said Association that said articles contain the statement of facts required by law, and that said Corporation is hereby constituted a body corporate, with right of succession as specified in its said articles of agreement, and is hereby authorize [sic] to exercise all the functions, enjoy all the privileges of a Corporation and to transact all business of said Corporation as specified in its said articles of said Association.
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Great Seal of said State to be affixed, at Salt Lake City, this __FIRST__ day of ___DECEMBER__ A.D. 1955————
“I have been associated with the Fundamentalists since 1936” – Ross Wesley LeBaron wrote to Fundamentalist leader Margarito Bautista in December 1958 – “but have stood a hundred percent on my own feet.”
Almost 27 years later, LeBaron would give a more detailed – and probably more honest – account of his early association with Mormon Fundamentalism:
In 1936, I began working and studying with the Barlow Group in Short Creek, Arizona. I believed what they taught without thinking… I had heard it all my life.  [Emphasis added]
Priesthood Expounded is the last tract published by Ross LeBaron during his lifetime. It contains, among other themes, his views on the different orders of the priesthood, his belief in the Adam-God doctrine and reincarnation, as well as an explanation of the coming of Elijah to the Nauvoo temple, an event LeBaron believed was essential to the understanding of the Patriarchal keys received by Benjamin F. Johnson.
On 17 December 1958, Ross Wesley LeBaron wrote a letter to J. Marion Hammon condemning the path taken by the Mormon Fundamentalist Priesthood Council:
Whenever an organization casts out the thinkers of its membership, and only keeps the “yes men” and “blind followers”, it soon comes to an end.
LeBaron is referring above to an earlier event (“a number of years ago”, he wrote) in which J. Marion Hammon had asked him to not come to the Fundamentalist meetings anymore. The authoritarian way chosen by Hammon, as seem by LeBaron, was of no small consequence, and prompted him the following comparison:Continue reading “Ross LeBaron: Letter to J. Marion Hammon, 1958”
On 7 August 1974, Ross W. LeBaron received a revelation stating the purposes of the Church of Jesus Christ and the Church of the Firstborn, and their relation to the principles of salvation and exaltation of humankind.  The revelation was recorded in handwriting by Fred Collier, then an adopted son of Ross LeBaron. In a later recollection, Collier suggested that he was the original recipient of the revelation, which had been given him a few years before, and that he only wrote it down after LeBaron had a spiritual confirmation of the message. 
Ross W. LeBaron claimed to have “the patriarchal keys of the lineage of the Prophet Joseph”. He considered his heirship to the Mormon Prophet “the highest title of birth, and the second order of priesthood,” as he stated to Joseph White Musser in 1951. Lebaron believed the Mormon Fundamentalist movement, on the other hand, operated under “the keys of the lineage of Hyrum”. In 1985, LeBaron explained his views of the Fundamentalist priesthood authority in the following manner:
The only possible claim to the sealing power, by the Polygamists after 1890, was through the sealing keys of Hyrum Smith. Those keys were conferred upon John Smith by Brigham Young.