For Ross Wesley LeBaron, the history of Mormonism could be divided into three periods of 60 years each. He believed to be living during the last period, presided by “the LeBaron keys’, holding the same priesthood that existed during the days of Adam. In this excerpt of his radio show on KSXX, from the late 1980’s, Ross LeBaron also explains his understanding of the three orders of the priesthood and the restoration of the Adamic priesthood in the Nauvoo temple.
Listen to the audio file or read the transcript below.
I’m here with the purpose to bring about the future prophecies that prophesy about the Mormon episode. It’s divided in three sections. From 1830 April 6th to 1890 April 6th was under Joseph Smith and his Twelve Apostles. From 1890 to 1950, [a] sixty-year period, was under the keys of Hyrum’s line and these keys were operated through the Fundamentalist movement. These keys and the authority of that period ended April 6th 1950. The LeBaron keys are from April 7th 1950 to April 6th 2010. I’m what is spoken of in prophecy as Zion’s deliverer, the mighty and strong, one like unto Moses and my business is to teach the priesthood so people can understand the priesthood. And once they understand the priesthood, they can put the prophecies together, they can understand who has authority and who doesn’t have authority.
The priesthood was divided in three basic orders: the Holy Order of God, the holy priesthood after the Order of the Son of God and the Holy Order of… or the Order of the Holy Ghost. Now these three characters are Adam, Christ and Joseph Smith. Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery received the keys of the priesthood after the Order of the Holy Ghost and the keys of the priesthood after the Order of the Son of God. The keys of God the Father or the Holy Order of God were restored in the Nauvoo temple under Adam’s authority – Adam being there in person with his under [other?] Gods—these were given to Benjamin F. Johnson who was the patriarchal heir of Ephraim.
John the Beloved was the patriarchal heir of Ephraim in the dispensation of Christ or time of Christ. Benjamin F. Johnson was the patriarchal heir of John the Beloved, hence his name is “John Son”. The keys of the Nauvoo temple [were] restored after the martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum and these keys are not subject to the dispensation of the Prophet Joseph. These keys are only subject to the head of the dispensation. I am the heir of the Gods and from two lines—from Adam through Seth, and from Adam through Christ. Adam is God, the father of Jesus Christ.
The patriarchal keys of Oliver Cowdery went to Hyrum. Then after Hyrum was martyred Brigham Young had the keys that Joseph and Hyrum held, and they went to Brigham Young. Brigham Young conferred upon John Smith, the son of Hyrum, the same keys that Oliver Cowdery and Hyrum held. These keys went to the Fundamentalist movement.
I hold two higher orders of keys. In the dispensation of times all keys were to be gathered into one person. My father is the first person on this earth since back in ancient patriarchal times that held all keys of the priesthood in one person. My father conferred upon me the patriarchal keys. He conferred upon my brother Joel the sealing power but he did not understand it. Joel conferred upon me, when we organized the Church of the Firstborn of the Fulness of Times, September 21st 1955 Joel conferred upon me all the keys he held and I conferred upon him the patriarchal keys over his own house.
We incorporated the Church of the Firstborn of the Fulness of Times then Joel decided he wanted to steal it all. So he went to Mexico and he stole the church. So I reincorporated then The Church of the First-Born, without the ”Fulness of Times” added onto it. Now at the present time, my brothers are trying to steal the title “Church of the Firstborn” and the news people that have been talking to my brother Alma in Mexico, they call that movement in Mexico the Church of the Firstborn. Well, it used to be the Church of the Firstborn of the Fulness of Times.
I held the highest office in the Church of the Firstborn of the Fulness of Times and when they decided to take over, they didn’t even blown [?] me out. So I’m still Patriarch of the Church of the Firstborn of the Fulness of Times, as well as Patriarch of the Church of the First-Born.
So now the prophecy shows that there are certain things kept secret at the time of the Prophet Joseph Smith but they are now to go to forth unto all flesh and they will go forth under the keys I hold, which are the keys of the dispensation of Adam.
The same priesthood had in the beginning is to be had at the end. And the end means from 1950 April 7th to 2010 April 6th. I hold the keys of this dispensation. Most people do not know that there is an eighth dispensation or that there would be. But in one sentence Joseph Smith said, he told them twice in one sentence there would be an eighth dispensation.  Now next week when I come on the air I’ll have things in a way that I can make tape recordings and every thing so they come out accurate. It takes a long time to learn and I am slow to learn. But these things were not to go forth until now. And I’ll show many things in the Doctrine & Covenants and the scriptures relating to this period of time (…). The big event of this time is that Adam will come and that He will set up a political kingdom as spoken of in Daniel. Although there has been many people who held the keys of the kingdom in the past, it never did consonate [sic], it just fell away.
When the Mormon people signed the Manifesto in 1890, the government wasn’t after polygamy, it was after the kingdom ‘cause the Mormons claimed authority of a kingdom within the United States government. They wanted the Mormons to sign a document which would put the kingdom under the United States government. Now it says “the little horn” – the United States – will make war with the “saints” – the Mormons – and prevailed against them until the Ancient of Days sits – or Adam – then the saints will possess the kingdom. 
1. Ross LeBaron expands the teachings of Joseph Smith on the “three grand orders of priesthood” relating each order to a member of the Godhead. Preaching on Hebrews chapter 7, Smith stated, according to the notes taken by Williard Richards: “3 grand orders of pri[e]sthood referred to there . . .1st. King of Shiloam.— power & authority over that of Abraham holding the key of the power of endless life.—— angels desire to loock into it. but they have set up to many stakes. god cursed the chldrn [children] of Israel because they would not receive the last law from Moses. by the offering of Isaac.— if a man would attain— he must sacrific[e] all to attain. to the keys of the kingdom of an endless life what was the power of Melchisedick twas not. P[riesthood] of Aaron— &c— a king and a pri[e]st to the most high Good [God]. a perfect law of Theocracy— <holding keys of powe[r] & bless[in]gs>stood as God to give laws to the people. administer[i]ng endless lives to the sons and daughte[r]s of Adam, kingly powe[r]s. of ano[i]nting.— Abram says Melchsidek.— away I have a pr[i]esthood.”
Journal, December 1842–June 1844; Book 3, 15 July 1843–29 February 1844,” p. , The Joseph Smith Papers, https://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/journal-december-1842-june-1844-book-3-15-july-1843-29-february-1844/79
In his Priesthood Expounded, LeBaron detalied a more complex view of the three orders.
2. Scholars of Mormonism in recent years have also mistakenly used “Church of the Firstborn” to refer to The Church of the Firstborn of the Fulness of the Times. See, for example, Anne Wilde. Fundamentalist Mormonism: Its History, Diversity and Stereotypes 1886-present. Book chapter in Scattering Of The Saints: Schism Within Mormonism. Independence, John Whitmer Books, 2007, pp. 281-282; W. Paul Reeve, Ardis E. Parshall (ed.) Mormonism: A Historical Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2010, p. 242.
3. LeBaron might be referring to a statement by Joseph Smith in which he spoke of the return of the prophet Elijah “before the last dispensation”: “Elijah was the last Prophet that held the Keys of this Priesthood, and who will before the last dispensation, restore the authority and deliver the Keys of this Priesthood, in order that all the ordinances may be attended to in righteousness— It is true that the Savior had authority and power to bestow this blessing, but the Sons of Levi were too prejudiced.— And I will send Elijah the Prophet before the great and terrible day of the Lord &c &c Why send Elijah? because he holds the keys of the authority to administer in all the ordinances of the Priesthood and without the authority is given, the ordinances could not be administered in righteousness.” [Emphasis added]
History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842] [addenda],” p. 18 [addenda], The Joseph Smith Papers, http://www.josephsmithpapers.org/paper-summary/history-1838-1856-volume-c-1-2-november-1838-31-july-1842/553
4. A reference to the vision in the Book of Daniel.